The Ruse of War, either as a smart way to win or as an act of deception, certainly gives us a very wide historical view of the battlegrounds and their commanders. From the BC era to modern times, these brilliant tactics prove that the art of war is never-ending.
Battle of Austerlitz, 1805
This is considered to be one of the most deceitful victories in Napoleon’s career. His tactic was to make the opposing Austro-Russian military forces believe that his forces were retreating and to make them attack his falsely weakened army on the right. This move made the Austro-Russian army overextend and weaken their center.
Battle of Panipat, 1526
When a commander is dealing with a lack of soldiers, all he’s got left is making a wise war strategy. Babur, the ruler of Kabul, had 12 000 soldiers against 100 000 of the sultan of Delhi, Lodi. So, Babur unexpectedly chose the Panipat near Delhi to be the battleground, made a strong wagon barriers and won this almost impossible battle.
Gideon Against Midianites
Gideon the Israelite, on a contrary had a greater number of soldiers than he actually needed. His army of 32 000 soldiers was first cut to 10 000, and then, all the work was done by 300 of them. This 300 soldiers surrounded the Midianite’s valley on three sides and attacked with howling: “A Sword for the Lord!”. Midianites retreated to the right side where the rest of the Gideon’s army waited.
Battle of Chaeronea, 338 BC
This battle was fought between the Macedonians and the alliance of Athens and Thebes. Philip’s II 32 000 well-trained soldiers against 50 000 of rebels could win only by making the rebels move from their secure spot. The trick was in the false retreating of Philip’s army which made the rebels move towards the ”weakened” enemy.
The Battle of Cowpens, 1781
Colonel of American Revolution Army, Dan Morgan, used bad fighting reputation of this army to invert the expected outcome of the battle of Cowpens. His strategy was putting trained shooters in the front line and the rough soldiers in the second one. When shooters left their position, fight with the second line made an illusion that the British army was winning, and as they moved forward, they lost cohesion and the battle.